CUED Publications database

Motivations and Risks of Machine Ethics

Cave, S and Nyrup, R and Vold, K and Weller, A (2019) Motivations and Risks of Machine Ethics. Proceedings of the IEEE, 107. pp. 562-574. ISSN 0018-9219

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This paper surveys reasons for and against pursuing the field of machine ethics, understood as research aiming to build 'ethical machines.' We clarify the nature of this goal, why it is worth pursuing, and the risks involved in its pursuit. First, we survey and clarify some of the philosophical issues surrounding the concept of an 'ethical machine' and the aims of machine ethics. Second, we argue that while there are good prima facie reasons for pursuing machine ethics, including the potential to improve the ethical alignment of both humans and machines, there are also potential risks that must be considered. Third, we survey these potential risks and point to where research should be devoted to clarifying and managing potential risks. We conclude by making some recommendations about the questions that future work could address.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div F > Computational and Biological Learning
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2018 20:17
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 05:27
DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2018.2865996