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Mechanical Properties of Microcrystalline Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Measured by Bimodal Amplitude Modulated-Frequency Modulated Atomic Force Microscopy

Sun, Y and Hu, Z and Zhao, D and Zeng, K (2017) Mechanical Properties of Microcrystalline Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Measured by Bimodal Amplitude Modulated-Frequency Modulated Atomic Force Microscopy. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 9. pp. 32202-32210. ISSN 1944-8244

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Abstract

Direct measurement of the mechanical properties of microcrystalline metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoparticles is challenging and rarely explored. In this work, we apply an effective method to realize elastic modulus mapping of a series of isostructural single MOF nanoparticles (100-500 nm) via bimodal amplitude modulated-frequency modulated atomic force microscopy. By probing five types of zirconium (Zr) and hafnium (Hf) isostructural UiO-66-type MOFs, we experimentally found that UiO-66(Hf)-type MOFs possess the higher elastic modulus (46-104 GPa) than that of UiO-66(Zr)-type MOFs (34-100 GPa), both of which are higher than that of reported zinc/copper based MOFs (3-10 GPa). We also experimentally demonstrate that the mechanical properties of MOFs can be tuned by adjusting the chemical functionalities of the ligands or using different metal nodes. In detail, the sterically bulky functional groups increase the mechanical properties of the resultant UiO-66-type MOFs, possibly due to the increased atomic density. These results pave a way to the direct measurement of mechanical properties of MOFs crystalline particles and provide an incisive perspective to the design of MOFs with high mechanical properties.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2019 05:59
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2021 06:19
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06809