CUED Publications database

Solar cells based on composites of donor conjugated polymers and carbon nanotubes

Kymakis, E and Amaratunga, GAJ (2017) Solar cells based on composites of donor conjugated polymers and carbon nanotubes. In: Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials, and Devices. UNSPECIFIED, pp. 351-366.

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Abstract

In this chapter, the photovoltaic properties occurring in single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs)-donor conjugated polymer composites are reported. Photovoltaic devices based on the dispersed heterojunction concept, containing a blend of SWNTs and soluble poly(3-octylthiophene) (P3OT) were studied. The nanotubes not only act as electron acceptors, but also allow the electrons to transport efficiently along their length. The diodes (Al/polymer-nanotube composite/ITO) with low nanotube concentration (1%) show photovoltaic behavior, with an open circuit voltage of 0.75 V. The short circuit current is increased by two orders of magnitude compared with the pristine polymer diodes and the fill factor (ff) also increases from 0.3 to 0.4 for the nanotube-polymer cells. It is proposed that the photovoltaic response of these devices is based on the introduction of internal polymer-nanotube junctions within the polymer matrix, which due to a photoinduced electron transfer from the polymer to the nanotube contribute to enhanced charge separation and collection.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2018 01:26
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2021 22:35
DOI: 10.1201/9781420026351