Sinha, D and Amaratunga, G (2018) *The Noether current in Maxwell's equations and radiation under symmetry breaking.* Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 376. ISSN 1364-503X

## Abstract

Symmetries in physical systems are defined in terms of conserved Noether Currents of the associated Lagrangian. In electrodynamic systems, global symmetry is defined through conservation of charges, which is reflected in gauge symmetry; however, loss of charges from a radiating system can be interpreted as localized loss of the Noether current which implies that electrodynamic symmetry has been locally broken. Thus, we propose that global symmetries and localized symmetry breaking are interwoven into the framework of Maxwell's equations which appear as globally conserved and locally non-conserved charges in an electrodynamic system and define the geometric topology of the electromagnetic field. We apply the ideas in the context of explaining radiation from dielectric materials with low physical dimensions. We also briefly look at the nature of reversibility in electromagnetic wave generation which was initially proposed by Planck, but opposed by Einstein and in recent years by Zoh.

Item Type: | Article |
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Subjects: | UNSPECIFIED |

Divisions: | UNSPECIFIED |

Depositing User: | Cron Job |

Date Deposited: | 27 Sep 2019 20:50 |

Last Modified: | 13 Apr 2021 10:11 |

DOI: | 10.1098/rsta.2017.0452 |