CUED Publications database

Plate-impact loading of cellular structures formed by selective laser melting

Winter, RE and Cotton, M and Harris, EJ and Maw, JR and Chapman, DJ and Eakins, DE and McShane, G (2014) Plate-impact loading of cellular structures formed by selective laser melting. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 22. ISSN 0965-0393

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Abstract

Porous materials are of great interest because of improved energy absorption over their solid counterparts. Their properties, however, have been difficult to optimize. Additive manufacturing has emerged as a potential technique to closely define the structure and properties of porous components, i.e. density, strut width and pore size; however, the behaviour of these materials at very high impact energies remains largely unexplored. We describe an initial study of the dynamic compression response of lattice materials fabricated through additive manufacturing. Lattices consisting of an array of intersecting stainless steel rods were fabricated into discs using selective laser melting. The resulting discs were impacted against solid stainless steel targets at velocities ranging from 300 to 700 m s-1 using a gas gun. Continuum CTH simulations were performed to identify key features in the measured wave profiles, while 3D simulations, in which the individual cells were modelled, revealed details of microscale deformation during collapse of the lattice structure. The validated computer models have been used to provide an understanding of the deformation processes in the cellular samples. The study supports the optimization of cellular structures for application as energy absorbers. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2019 20:24
Last Modified: 16 May 2019 01:55
DOI: 10.1088/0965-0393/22/2/025021