Raman, DV and Anderson, J and Papachristodoulou, A *Delineating Parameter Unidentifiabilities in Complex Models.* Phys. Rev. E, 95. 032314-. (Unpublished)

## Abstract

Scientists use mathematical modelling to understand and predict the properties of complex physical systems. In highly parameterised models there often exist relationships between parameters over which model predictions are identical, or nearly so. These are known as structural or practical unidentifiabilities, respectively. They are hard to diagnose and make reliable parameter estimation from data impossible. They furthermore imply the existence of an underlying model simplification. We describe a scalable method for detecting unidentifiabilities, and the functional relations defining them, for generic models. This allows for model simplification, and appreciation of which parameters (or functions thereof) cannot be estimated from data. Our algorithm can identify features such as redundant mechanisms and fast timescale subsystems, as well as the regimes in which such approximations are valid. We base our algorithm on a novel quantification of regional parametric sensitivity: multiscale sloppiness. Traditionally, the link between parametric sensitivity and the conditioning of the parameter estimation problem is made locally, through the Fisher Information Matrix. This is valid in the regime of infinitesimal measurement uncertainty. We demonstrate the duality between multiscale sloppiness and the geometry of confidence regions surrounding parameter estimates made where measurement uncertainty is non-negligible. Further theoretical relationships are provided linking multiscale sloppiness to the Likelihood-ratio test. From this, we show that a local sensitivity analysis (as typically done) is insufficient for determining the reliability of parameter estimation, even with simple (non)linear systems. Our algorithm provides a tractable alternative. We finally apply our methods to a large-scale, benchmark Systems Biology model of NF-$\kappa$B, uncovering previously unknown unidentifiabilities.

Item Type: | Article |
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Uncontrolled Keywords: | physics.data-an physics.data-an math.DS math.ST q-bio.MN stat.TH 62F25, 34C60 |

Subjects: | UNSPECIFIED |

Divisions: | Div F > Control |

Depositing User: | Cron Job |

Date Deposited: | 06 Aug 2020 03:10 |

Last Modified: | 07 Sep 2021 02:18 |

DOI: | 10.1103/PhysRevE.95.032314 |