CUED Publications database

Accelerated measurements of aerosol size distributions by continuously scanning the aerodynamic aerosol classifier

Johnson, TJ and Symonds, JPR and Olfert, JS and Boies, AM (2021) Accelerated measurements of aerosol size distributions by continuously scanning the aerodynamic aerosol classifier. Aerosol Science and Technology, 55. pp. 119-141. ISSN 0278-6826

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Abstract

Using an Aerodynamic Aerosol Classifier (AAC) upstream of a particle detector is a relatively new method for measuring the aerodynamic size distribution of an aerosol. This approach overcomes limitations of previous methodologies by leveraging the high transmission efficiency, independence from particle charging, and adjustable classification range and resolution of the AAC. However, the AAC setpoint must be stepped and stabilized before each measurement, which forces tradeoffs between measurement time and step resolution. This study is the first to develop and validate theory which allows the speed of the AAC classifier to be continuously varied (following an exponential function), rather than stepped. This approach reduces measurement time, while increasing the resolution of the measured distribution. Assuming uniform axial flow, the transfer function of the scanning AAC and its inversion are determined. Limited trajectory theory is used to derive the idealized transfer function of the scanning AAC, while parameterized, particle streamline theory is used to develop the non-idealized transfer function, which accounts for non-idealized particle and flow behaviors within the classifier. This theory and the practical implementation of the scanning AAC are validated by the high agreement of its measurements of polystyrene latex (PSL) particles (within 8.7% for six sizes between 100 nm to 2.02 μm), and of size distributions of three aerosol sources (Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) sebacate, NaCl and soot) to those measured by the stepping AAC (within 2% or better if the source stability is considered). The validity of assuming uniform axial flow in the classifier and downstream plumbing/detector are also discussed. Copyright © 2020 American Association for Aerosol Research.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 20:31
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 10:13
DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2020.1830941