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In Vivo Pretargeting Based on Cysteine-Selective Antibody Modification with IEDDA Bioorthogonal Handles for Click Chemistry

Ferreira, VFC and Oliveira, BL and D'Onofrio, A and Farinha, CM and Gano, L and Paulo, A and Bernardes, GJL and Mendes, F (2021) In Vivo Pretargeting Based on Cysteine-Selective Antibody Modification with IEDDA Bioorthogonal Handles for Click Chemistry. Bioconjugate Chemistry, 32. pp. 121-132. ISSN 1043-1802

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Pretargeted imaging has emerged as an effective multistep strategy aiming to improve imaging contrast and reduce patient radiation exposure through decoupling of the radioactivity from the targeting vector. The inverse electron-demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) reaction between a trans-cyclooctene (TCO)-conjugated antibody and a labeled tetrazine holds great promise for pretargeted imaging applications due to its bioorthogonality, rapid kinetics under mild conditions, and formation of stable products. Herein, we describe the use of functionalized carbonylacrylic reagents for site-specific incorporation of TCO onto a human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) antibody (THIOMAB) containing an engineered unpaired cysteine residue, generating homogeneous conjugates. Precise labeling of THIOMAB-TCO with a fluorescent or radiolabeled tetrazine revealed the potential of the TCO-functionalized antibody for imaging the HER2 after pretargeting in a cellular context in a HER2 positive breast cancer cell line. Control studies with MDA-MD-231 cells, which do not express HER2, further confirmed the target specificity of the modified antibody. THIOMAB-TCO was also evaluated in vivo after pretargeting and subsequent administration of an 111In-labeled tetrazine. Biodistribution studies in breast cancer tumor-bearing mice showed a significant activity accumulation on HER2+ tumors, which was 2.6-fold higher than in HER2- tumors. Additionally, biodistribution studies with THIOMAB without the TCO handle also resulted in a decreased uptake of 111In-DOTA-Tz on HER2+ tumors. Altogether, these results clearly indicate the occurrence of the click reaction at the tumor site, i.e., pretargeting of SK-BR-3 HER2-expressing cells with THIOMAB-TCO and reaction through the TCO moiety present in the antibody. The combined advantages of site-selectivity and stability of TCO tagged-antibodies could allow application of biorthogonal chemistry strategies for pretargeting imaging with minimal side-reactions and background.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2020 22:28
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 10:27
DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.0c00551