CUED Publications database

Demand-side solutions to climate change mitigation consistent with high levels of wellbeing

Creutzig, F and Niamir, L and Bai, X and Cullen, J and Díaz-José, J and Figueroa, M and Grübler, A and Lamb, W and Leip, A and Masanet, E and Mata, E and Mattauch, L and Minx, J and Mirasgedis, S and Mulugetta, Y and Nugroho, S and Pathak, M and Perkins, P and Roy, J and Can, SDLRD and Saheb, Y and Steg, L and Steinberger, J and Ürge-Vorsatz, D Demand-side solutions to climate change mitigation consistent with high levels of wellbeing. Nature. ISSN 0028-0836 (Unpublished)

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Abstract

>Climate mitigation solutions are often evaluated in terms of their costs and potentials. This accounting, however, shortcuts a comprehensive evaluation of how climate solutions affect human well-being, which, at best, may only be crudely related to cost considerations. Here, we systematically list key sectoral mitigation options on the demand side, and categorize them into avoid, shift and improve categories. We show that these options, bridging socio-behavioral, infrastructural and technological domains, can reduce counterfactual sectoral emissions by 50-80% in end use sectors. Based on expert judgement and literature survey, we then evaluate 324 combinations of wellbeing outcomes and demand side options. We find that these are largely beneficial in improving wellbeing across all measures combined (76% have positive, 22% neutral, and 2.4% have negative effects), even though confidence level is low in the social dimensions of wellbeing. Implementing demand-side solution requires i) an understanding of malleable not fixed preferences, ii) consistently measuring and evaluating constituents of wellbeing, and iii) addressing concerns of incumbents in supply-side industries. Our results shift the emphasis in the climate mitigation solution space from supply-side technologies to demand-side service provision.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div E > Sustainable Manufacturing
Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2021 20:58
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:15
DOI: doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-127928/v1