CUED Publications database

Frozen algorithms: how the brain's wiring facilitates learning

Raman, DV and O'Leary, T (2021) Frozen algorithms: how the brain's wiring facilitates learning. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 67. pp. 207-214. ISSN 0959-4388

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Abstract

Synapses and neural connectivity are plastic and shaped by experience. But to what extent does connectivity itself influence the ability of a neural circuit to learn? Insights from optimization theory and AI shed light on how learning can be implemented in neural circuits. Though abstract in their nature, learning algorithms provide a principled set of hypotheses on the necessary ingredients for learning in neural circuits. These include the kinds of signals and circuit motifs that enable learning from experience, as well as an appreciation of the constraints that make learning challenging in a biological setting. Remarkably, some simple connectivity patterns can boost the efficiency of relatively crude learning rules, showing how the brain can use anatomy to compensate for the biological constraints of known synaptic plasticity mechanisms. Modern connectomics provides rich data for exploring this principle, and may reveal how brain connectivity is constrained by the requirement to learn efficiently.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Control
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2021 22:36
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 10:13
DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2020.12.017