CUED Publications database

Risk prediction of microcystins based on water quality surrogates: A case study in a eutrophicated urban river network

He, X and Wang, H and Zhuang, W and Liang, D and Ao, Y (2021) Risk prediction of microcystins based on water quality surrogates: A case study in a eutrophicated urban river network. Environmental Pollution, 275. 116651-. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

Microcystins (MCs), the toxic by-products from harmful algal bloom (HAB), have caused world-wide concern due to their acute toxicity in freshwater ecosystems. Most studies on HAB have been conducted for shallow freshwater lakes, such as Taihu Lake in China. However, algal blooms in urban rivers located downstream of eutrophicated lakes are also a serious problem for local administrators. It is important for them to know the current and potential risk level of MCs. This environmental issue is rarely reported or discussed. Within this context, we monitored MC concentrations in the Binhu River Network (BRN) in the algal bloom season (Aug, Sep, and Oct) in 2019. To note if the MC concentrations were dangerous, we used 1.0 μg/L suggested by the World Health Organization as the standard value. The proportions of MC samples violating the standard value were 31.78% (Aug), 21.14% (Sep) and 30.77% (Oct). We also designed two statistical models to predict MC concentrations and the possibility to exceed the standard level based on 10 water quality surrogates: Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Logistic Regression (LR) models. These two models were trained and validated by the monitoring dataset (n = 224). Both models had good performances during training and testing. Although the water quality varied diversely both in spatial and temporal scale, Cluster Analysis (CA) could detect similarities among the samples and separated them into 3 classes, with each class denoting different types of rivers based on the 10 water quality surrogates. Then the ANN and LR were applied as a function of chl-a in each class; by gradually increasing chl-a concentration, we detected chl-a thresholds in class 1, 2, 3 were 25.5, 224, and 109.5 μg/L, respectively, when MCs have a 50% possibility to exceed standard level. The threshold values provided important implications for MC management in the BRN.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artificial neural network Chl-a threshold Logistic regression Microcystin Risk prediction
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2021 20:48
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 09:46
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.116651