CUED Publications database

MPC-based Haptic Shared Steering System: A Driver Modelling Approach for Symbiotic Driving

Lazcano, AMR and Niu, T and Carrera Akutain, X and Cole, D and Shyrokau, B MPC-based Haptic Shared Steering System: A Driver Modelling Approach for Symbiotic Driving. IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics. p. 1. ISSN 1083-4435 (Unpublished)

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Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) aim to increase safety and reduce mental workload. However, the gap in the understanding of the closed-loop driver-vehicle interaction often leads to reduced user acceptance. In this study, an optimal torque control law is calculated online in the Model Predictive Control (MPC) framework to guarantee continuous guidance during the steering task. The research contribution is in the integration of an extensive prediction model covering cognitive behaviour, neuromuscular dynamics, and the vehicle- steering dynamics, within the MPC-based haptic controller to enhance collaboration. The driver model is composed of a preview cognitive strategy based on a Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian, sensory organs, and neuromuscular dynamics, including muscle co-activation and reflex action. Moreover, an adaptive cost-function algorithm enables dynamic allocation of the control authority. Experiments were performed in a fixed-base driving simulator at Toyota Motor Europe involving 19 participants to evaluate the proposed controller with two different cost functions against a commercial Lane Keeping Assist (LKA) system as an industry benchmark. The results demonstrate the proposed controller fosters symbiotic driving and reduces driver-vehicle conflicts with respect to a state-of-the-art commercial system, both subjectively and objectively, while still improving path-tracking performance. Summarising, this study tackles the need to blend human and ADAS control, demonstrating the validity of the proposed strategy.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div C > Applied Mechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2021 21:53
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 05:36
DOI: 10.1109/tmech.2021.3063902