CUED Publications database

On the potential for using bridge natural frequencies to detect scour: An experimental study

Kariyawasam, K and Middleton, C and Talbot, J and Fidler, P and Haigh, S and Roberts, J and Madabhushi, G (2020) On the potential for using bridge natural frequencies to detect scour: An experimental study. In: UNSPECIFIED pp. 293-301..

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Abstract

Monitoring bridges for precursors of failure has the potential to improve their safety and resilience. However, the most prominent cause of bridge failure, scour, is difficult to monitor as it occurs underwater. The potential to identify scour by monitoring changes in the natural frequencies of a bridge is studied experimentally in this research. A field study was carried out on a bridge with preexisting scour confined to a section of a piled pier foundation, which was monitored throughout a repair process involving controlled backfilling of the scoured region, i.e. scour in reverse. The changes in natural frequency due to backfilling of the scour hole were unable to be captured experimentally as the estimated magnitudes (9% and 6 % for the first and second modes respectively) were of the same order as the variability of the natural frequency estimates. In order to study the relationship between natural frequency and scour in a more controlled environment, a geotechnical centrifuge experiment was conducted to simulate scour in a small-scale integral bridge model in dense sand. The model showed a significant (up to 40 %) change in natural frequency as a result of a scour depth equivalent to 30 % of the piled foundation depth. These experimental findings suggest that natural frequencies can potentially aid in detecting extensive bridge scour for piled foundations, but it may be challenging to detect localised scour limited to only a small portion of a foundation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Structures
Div D > Construction Engineering
Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 May 2021 21:47
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 05:49
DOI: