CUED Publications database

Non-equilibrium magnetism in dual spin valves

Aziz, A and Wessely, OP and Ali, M and Edwards, DM and Marrows, CH and Hickey, BJ and Blamire, MG Non-equilibrium magnetism in dual spin valves. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The field of spin electronics (spintronics) was initiated by the discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) for which Fert[1] and Grunberg[2] were awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physics. GMR arises from differential scattering of the majority and minority spin electrons by a ferromagnet (FM) so that the resistance when the FM layers separated by non-magnetic (NM) spacers are aligned by an applied field is different to when they are antiparallel. In 1996 Slonczewski[3] and Berger[4] predicted that a large spin-polarised current could transfer spin-angular momentum and so exert a spin transfer torque (STT) sufficient to switch thin FM layers between stable magnetisation states[5] and, for even higher current densities, drive continuous precession which emits microwaves[6]. Thus, while GMR is a purely passive phenomenon which ultimately depends on the intrinsic band structure of the FM, STT adds an active element to spintronics by which the direction of the magnetisation may be manipulated. Here we show that highly non-equilibrium spin injection can modify the scattering asymmetry and, by extension, the intrinsic magnetism of a FM. This phenomenon is completely different to STT and provides a third ingredient which should further expand the range of opportunities for the application of spintronics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cond-mat.mtrl-sci cond-mat.mtrl-sci
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Materials Engineering
Div B > Solid State Electronics and Nanoscale Science
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 20:09
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 06:42
DOI: