CUED Publications database

Thermal radiation in ultralight metal foams with open cells

Zhao, CY and Lu, TJ and Hodson, HP (2004) Thermal radiation in ultralight metal foams with open cells. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47. pp. 2927-2939. ISSN 0017-9310

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Abstract

This paper presents results from experimental measurements on radiative transfer in FeCrAlY (a steel based high temperature alloy) foams having high porosity (95%) and different cell sizes, manufactured at low cost from the sintering route. The spectral transmittance and reflectance are measured at different infrared wavelengths ranging from 2.5 to 50 μm, which are subsequently used to determine the extinction coefficient and foam emissivity. The results show that the spectral quantities are strongly dependent on the wavelength, particularly in the short wavelength regime (<25 μm). Whilst the extinction coefficient decreases with increasing cell size, the effect of cell size on foam reflectance is not significant. When the temperature is increased, the total extinction coefficient increases but the total reflectance decreases. An analytical model based on geometric optics laws, diffraction theory and metal foam morphology is developed to predict the radiative transfer, with cell size (or cell ligament diameter) and porosity identified as the two key parameters that dictate the foam radiative properties. Close agreement between the predicted effective foam conductivity due to radiation alone and that measured is observed. At fixed porosity, the radiative conductivity of the metal foam increases with increasing cell size and temperature. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd.All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Emissivity Experimental measurement Extinction coefficient Metal foams Modelling Reflectance Thermal radiation Transmittance
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Turbomachinery
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:42
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:13
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2004.03.006