CUED Publications database

Post-earthquake behaviour of footings employing densification to mitigate liquefaction

Coelho, PALF and Haigh, SK and Gopal Madabhushi, SP and O'Brien, TS (2007) Post-earthquake behaviour of footings employing densification to mitigate liquefaction. Ground Improvement, 11. pp. 45-53. ISSN 1365-781X

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Abstract

In situ densification is a popular technique to protect shallow foundations from the effects of earthquake-induced liquefaction, current design being based on semiempirical rules. Poor understanding of the mechanisms governing the performance of soil-structure systems during and after earthquakes inhibits the use of narrow densified zones, which could contribute to optimise the use of densification if the increase in post-earthquake settlement is restrained. Therefore this paper investigates the long-term behaviour of a footing built on densified ground and surrounded by liquefiable ground, centrifuge experiments being used to identify the mechanisms occurring in the ground during and after a seismic simulation. The differential excess pore pressure generated in the ground during the shaking and the processes of vertical stress concentration and subsequent redistribution observed under the footing dominate the system behaviour. The results enlighten the complex mechanisms determining the post-earthquake settlement when densification is carried out to mitigate liquefaction effects. The improvement in performance resulting from widening the zone of densification is rationally explained which encourages the development of new design concepts that may enhance the future use of densification as a liquefaction resistance measure. © 2007 Thomas Telford Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Centrifuge Densification Earthquake Footing Liquefaction Settlement
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:27
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:28
DOI: 10.1680/grim.2007.11.1.45