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Measurement of stressful postures during daily activities: An observational study with older people.

Seidel, D and Hjalmarson, J and Freitag, S and Larsson, TJ and Brayne, C and Clarkson, PJ (2011) Measurement of stressful postures during daily activities: An observational study with older people. Gait and Posture, 34. pp. 397-401.

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Abstract

This study measured the postures of older people during cooking and laundry. A sample of men and women aged 75+ years (n=27) was recruited and observed in a home-like environment. Postures were recorded with a measurement system in an objective and detailed manner. The participants were videotaped to be able to see where 'critical' postures occurred, as defined by a trunk inclination of ≥60°. Analysis of data was facilitated by specially developed software. Critical postures accounted for 3% of cooking and 10% of laundry, occurring primarily during retrieving from and putting in lower cabinets, the refrigerator, laundry basket or washing machine as well as disposing into the waste bin. These tasks involve a great variation in postural changes and pose a particular risk to older people. The results suggest that the use of stressful postures may decrease efficiency and increase fatigue, eventually leading to difficulties with daily activities. The specific tasks identified during which critical postures occurred should be targeted by designers in order to improve the activities. A few examples are given of how better design can reduce or eliminate some of the postural constraints.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activities of Daily Living Aged Aged, 80 and over Female Humans Male Posture Sex Factors Stress, Physiological Videotape Recording
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Engineering Design
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:33
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2014 01:08
DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.06.009

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