Inanoglu, Z and Young, S (2005) Intonation modelling and adaptation for emotional prosody generation. In: UNSPECIFIED pp. 286-293..Full text not available from this repository.
This paper proposes an HMM-based approach to generating emotional intonation patterns. A set of models were built to represent syllable-length intonation units. In a classification framework, the models were able to detect a sequence of intonation units from raw fundamental frequency values. Using the models in a generative framework, we were able to synthesize smooth and natural sounding pitch contours. As a case study for emotional intonation generation, Maximum Likelihood Linear Regression (MLLR) adaptation was used to transform the neutral model parameters with a small amount of happy and sad speech data. Perceptual tests showed that listeners could identify the speech with the sad intonation 80% of the time. On the other hand, listeners formed a bimodal distribution in their ability to detect the system generated happy intontation and on average listeners were able to detect happy intonation only 46% of the time. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)|
|Divisions:||Div F > Machine Intelligence|
|Depositing User:||Cron Job|
|Date Deposited:||02 Sep 2016 17:01|
|Last Modified:||25 Sep 2016 02:59|