Hughes, L and Phear, A and Nicholson, D and Pantelidou, H and Soga, K and Guthrie, P and Kidd, A and Fraser, N (2011) Carbon dioxide from earthworks: A bottom-up approach. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Civil Engineering, 164. pp. 67-72. ISSN 0965-089XFull text not available from this repository.
Concerns over climate change mean engineers need to understand the greenhouse gas emissions associated with infrastructure projects. Standard coefficients are increasingly used to calculate the embodied emissions of construction materials, but these are not generally appropriate to inherently variable earthworks. This paper describes a new tool that takes a bottom-up approach to calculating carbon dioxide emissions from earthworks operations. In the case of bulk earthworks this is predominantly from the fuel used by machinery moving materials already on site. Typical earthworks solutions are explored along with the impact of using manufactured materials such as lime.
|Depositing User:||Cron Job|
|Date Deposited:||09 Dec 2016 17:27|
|Last Modified:||09 Dec 2016 19:33|