CUED Publications database

Do we know the strength of the chorioamnion? A critical review and analysis

Chua, WK and Oyen, ML (2009) Do we know the strength of the chorioamnion? A critical review and analysis. European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 144. S128-S133. ISSN 0301-2115

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Abstract

The chorioamnion is the membrane that surrounds the fetus during gestation. Normally, it must remain intact for the duration of pregnancy, 37-42 weeks, and only rupture during or just before labour and delivery of the fetus. In a significant number (3%) of all births, this does not happen, and membranes rupture before term, resulting in preterm birth and significant perinatal morbidity. It is known that the material properties of chorioamnion may play a major role in mechanical rupture; a number of studies have been undertaken to characterise the physical nature of chorioamnion and examine factors that may predispose to rupture. However, the existing literature is inconsistent in its choice of both physical testing methods and data analysis techniques, motivating the current review. Experimental data from a large number of chorioamnion mechanical studies were collated, and data were converted to standard engineering quantities. The failure strength of the chorioamnion membrane was found consistently to value approximately 0.9 MPa. It is hoped that past and future studies of membrane mechanics can provide insight into the role of chorioamnion in labour and delivery. In addition, biomechanical approaches can help elucidate the potential causes of early rupture, and suggest future protocols or treatments that could both diagnose and prevent its occurrence. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chorioamnion Elasticity Rupture Strength
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Biomechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:00
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:35
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.02.029