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Performance of choked unsteady ejector-nozzles for use in pressure-gain combustors

Heffer, JJH and Miller, RJ (2009) Performance of choked unsteady ejector-nozzles for use in pressure-gain combustors. 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition.

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Abstract

If the conventional steady flow combustor of a gas turbine is replaced with a device which achieves a pressure gain during the combustion process then the thermal efficiency of the cycle is raised. All such 'Pressure Gain Combustors' (e.g. PDEs, pulse combustors or wave rotors) are inherently unsteady flow devices. For such a device to be practically installed in a gas turbine it is necessary to design a downstream row of turbine vanes which will both accept the combustors unsteady exit flow and deliver a flow which the turbine rotor can accept. The design requirements of such a vane are that its exit flow both retains the maximum time-mean stagnation pressure gain (the pressure gain produced by the combustor is not lost) and minimises the amplitude of unsteadiness (reduces unsteadiness entering the downstream rotor). In this paper the exit of the pressure gain combustor is simulated with a cold unsteady jet. The first stage vane is simulated by a one-dimensional choked ejector nozzle with no turning. The time-mean and rms stagnation pressure at nozzle exit is measured. A number of geometric configurations are investigated and it is shown that the optimal geometry both maximizes time mean stagnation pressure gain (75% of that in the exit of the unsteady jet) and minimizes the amplitude of unsteadiness (1/3 of that in the primary jet). The structure of the unsteady flow within the ejector nozzle is determined computationally. Copyright © 2009 by J Heffer and R Miller.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Turbomachinery
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:14
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2014 19:20
DOI: