CUED Publications database

A transonic vane for use downstream of a pressure gain combustor

Heffer, JJH and Miller, RJ (2010) A transonic vane for use downstream of a pressure gain combustor. 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition.

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Abstract

Replacing a conventional combustor in a gas turbine with one that produces a pressure gain could significantly raise cycle efficiency. For this efficiency gain to be achieved the exit flow from the combustor must be coupled to the downstream turbine such that the pressure gain produced by the combustor is retained and such that the turbine efficiency is maintained. The exit flow from a pressure gain combustor will often contain a high velocity unsteady jet. It has previously been proposed that ejectors should be used to harness the energy in the unsteady jet, this paper proposes combining an ejector with the first stage vane, producing a single compact component that preserves the combustion driven pressure gain and delivers a suitable flow to the turbine so that its efficiency is not compromised. This novel component has been experimentally tested for the first time. The performance of this first prototype design is found to be low due to high levels of loss generated by secondary flows. However possible mitigation strategies are discussed. It is shown that the unsteadiness at exit form the ejector-vane is reduced compared to the inlet flow. If a pulse combustor were incorporated into a gas turbine, it is unlikely that the level of unsteadiness experienced in a downstream rotor will be significantly larger that that due to the periodic passing of upstream wakes. Copyright © 2010 by Jonathan Heffer.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Turbomachinery
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:14
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2014 19:19
DOI: