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Unsteady ejectors: The effect of driver jet mark-space ratio

Ward, CM and Duffin, M and Miller, RJ and Heffer, JJH (2010) Unsteady ejectors: The effect of driver jet mark-space ratio. 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition.

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Abstract

mark Unsteady ejectors can be driven by a wide range of driver jets. These vary from pulse detonation engines, which typically have a long gap between each slug of fluid exiting the detonation tube (mark-space ratios in the range 0.1-0.2) to the exit of a pulsejet where the mean mass flow rate leads to a much shorter gap between slugs (mark-space ratios in the range 2-3). The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of mark-space ratio on the thrust augmentation of an unsteady ejector. Experimental testing was undertaken using a driver jet with a sinusoidal exit velocity profile. The mean value, amplitude and frequency of the velocity profile could be changed allowing the length to diameter ratio of the fluid slugs L/D and the mark-space ratio (the ratio of slug length to the spacing between slugs) L/S to be varied. The setup allowed L/S of the jet to vary from 0.8 to 2.3, while the L/D ratio of the slugs could take any values between 3.5 and 7.5. This paper shows that as the mark-space ratio of the driver jet is increased the thrust augmentation drops. Across the range of mark-space ratios tested, there is shown to be a drop in thrust augmentation of 0.1. The physical cause of this reduction in thrust augmentation is shown to be a decrease in the percentage time over which the ejector entrains ambient fluid. This is the direct result ofthe space between consecutive slugs in the driver jet decreasing. The one dimensional model reported in Heffer et al. [1] is extended to include the effect of varying L/S and is shown to accurately capture the experimentally measured behavior ofthe ejector. Copyright © 2010 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Turbomachinery
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:14
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2014 19:19
DOI: