CUED Publications database

Active steering of a tractor-semi-trailer

Odhams, AMC and Roebuck, RL and Jujnovich, BA and Cebon, D (2011) Active steering of a tractor-semi-trailer. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 225. pp. 847-869. ISSN 0954-4070

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Abstract

This paper develops a path-following steering control strategy for an articulated heavy goods vehicle. The controller steers the axles of the semi-trailer so that its rear end follows the path of the fifth wheel coupling: for all paths and all speeds. This substantially improves low-speed manoeuvrability, off-tracking, and tyre scrubbing (wear). It also increases high-speed stability, reduces 'rearward amplification', and reduces the propensity to roll over in high-speed transient manoeuvres. The design of a novel experimental heavy goods vehicle with three independent hydraulically actuated steering axles is presented. The path-following controller is tested on the experimental vehicle, at low and high speeds. The field test results are compared with vehicle simulations and found to agree well. The benefits of this steering control approach are quantified. In a low-speed 'roundabout' manoeuvre, low-speed off-tracking was reduced by 73 per cent, from 4.25 m for a conventional vehicle to 1.15 m for the experimental vehicle; swept-path width was reduced by 2 m (28 per cent); peak scrubbing tyre forces were reduced by 83 per cent; and entry tail-swing was eliminated. In an 80 km/h lane-change manoeuvre, peak path error for the experimental vehicle was 33 per cent less than for the conventional vehicle, and rearward amplification of the trailer was 35 per cent less. Increasing the bandwidth of the steering actuators improved the high-speed dynamic performance of the vehicle, but at the expense of increased oil flow.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Articulated heavy goods vehicle High-speed lane-change manoeuvrability Roundabout Steering trailer
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Applied Mechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:22
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2014 19:04
DOI: 10.1177/0954407010395680