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Central representation of dynamics when manipulating handheld objects.

Milner, TE and Franklin, DW and Imamizu, H and Kawato, M (2006) Central representation of dynamics when manipulating handheld objects. J Neurophysiol, 95. pp. 893-901. ISSN 0022-3077

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Abstract

To explore the neural mechanisms related to representation of the manipulation dynamics of objects, we performed whole-brain fMRI while subjects balanced an object in stable and highly unstable states and while they balanced a rigid object and a flexible object in the same unstable state, in all cases without vision. In this way, we varied the extent to which an internal model of the manipulation dynamics was required in the moment-to-moment control of the object's orientation. We hypothesized that activity in primary motor cortex would reflect the amount of muscle activation under each condition. In contrast, we hypothesized that cerebellar activity would be more strongly related to the stability and complexity of the manipulation dynamics because the cerebellum has been implicated in internal model-based control. As hypothesized, the dynamics-related activation of the cerebellum was quite different from that of the primary motor cortex. Changes in cerebellar activity were much greater than would have been predicted from differences in muscle activation when the stability and complexity of the manipulation dynamics were contrasted. On the other hand, the activity of the primary motor cortex more closely resembled the mean motor output necessary to execute the task. We also discovered a small region near the anterior edge of the ipsilateral (right) inferior parietal lobule where activity was modulated with the complexity of the manipulation dynamics. We suggest that this is related to imagining the location and motion of an object with complex manipulation dynamics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain Mapping Cerebellum Cerebral Cortex Evoked Potentials, Motor Hand Strength Humans Motor Skills Movement Task Performance and Analysis
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Computational and Biological Learning
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:30
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2014 21:46
DOI: 10.1152/jn.00198.2005

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