CUED Publications database

Vortex deformation and breaking in superconductors: a microscopic description

Pardo, E and Durrell, JH and Blamire, MG (2007) Vortex deformation and breaking in superconductors: a microscopic description. Philosophical Magazine, 87. pp. 4359-4381. ISSN 1478-6435

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Vortex breaking has traditionally been studied for non-uniform critical current densities, although it may also appear due to non-uniform pinning force distributions. In this article we study the case of a high-pinning/low-pinning/high-pinning layered structure. We have developed an elastic model for describing the deformation of a vortex in these systems in the presence of a uniform transport current density J for any arbitrary orientation of the transport current and the magnetic field. If J is above a certain critical value, J(c), the vortex breaks and a finite effective resistance appears. Our model can be applied to some experimental configurations where vortex breaking naturally exists. This is the case for YBa2Cu3O7-delta (YBCO) low-angle grain boundaries and films on vicinal substrates, where the breaking is experienced by Abrikosov-Josephson vortices (AJV) and Josephson string vortices (SV), respectively. With our model, we have experimentally extracted some intrinsic parameters of the AJV and SV, such as the line tension is an element of(l) and compared it to existing predictions based on the vortex structure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: high-temperature superconductors force ii superconductors single-crystals state angle grain-boundaries anisotropic superconductors elastic energy flux vortices type-2 superconductors
Divisions: Div C > Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 18:57
Last Modified: 24 May 2018 02:03