Farrell, RP and Mair, RJ and Pigorini, A and Ricci, M and Sciotti, A (2011) The response of buildings to tunnelling: A case study. Ingegneria Ferroviaria, 66. pp. 647-661. ISSN 0020-0956Full text not available from this repository.
A case study of the response of two buildings to the construction of a 12 m diameter tunnel excavated by conventional method, in Italy, is studied. The 12 m diameter tunnel was constructed carrying out reinforcement of the tunnel face and around the crown prior to excavation and installation of the temporary sprayed concrete lining and the permanent reinforced concrete lining. Reflective prisms, placed at first floor level around the perimeter of the building facades, allowed building settlements to be measured. Ground settlements between the two buildings were measured using BRE type settlement studs. Extensive protective measures were adopted to maintain stability of the tunnel excavation and to reduce ground movements. The number of horizontal jet grout columns installed into the tunnel face was reduced over the course of the project. Results from CPT tests indicate that the undrained shear strength at the tunnel axis is around 120 kPa. SPT and undrained unconsolidated (UU) triaxial tests indicate lower strengths of around 80 kPa, although this may be due to sample disturbance.
|Divisions:||Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental|
|Depositing User:||Cron Job|
|Date Deposited:||15 Dec 2015 13:09|
|Last Modified:||08 Feb 2016 09:50|