Cheong, TP and Soga, K and Robert, DJ (2011) 3D FE Analyses of Buried Pipeline with Elbows Subjected to Lateral Loading. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 137. pp. 939-948. ISSN 1090-0241Full text not available from this repository.
This study investigates the interaction between soil and pipeline in sand subjected to lateral ground displacements with emphasis on the peak force exerted to a bended elbow-pipe. A series of three-dimensional (3D) finite-element (FE) analyses were performed in both opening and closing modes of the elbow section for different initial pipe bending angles. To model the mechanical behavior of sands, two soil models were adopted: Mohr-Coulomb and Nor-Sand soil model. Investigations also included the effects of pipe embedment depth and soil density. Results show that the opening mode exhibits higher ultimate forces and greater localized deformations than the closing mode. Nondimensional charts that account for pipeline location, bending angle, and soil density are developed. Soil-spring pipeline analyses of an elbow-pipe were performed using modified F-δ soil-spring models based on the 3D FE results and were compared to the findings of conventional spring model analyses using the standard two-dimensional soil-spring model. Results show that the pipe strain does not change in the closing mode case. However, in the opening mode case, the pipe strain computed by the modified analysis is larger than that by the conventional analysis and the difference is more pronounced when the pipe stiffness is stiffer. © 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Finite-element analysis Pipeline Sand Soil-spring analysis|
|Divisions:||Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental|
|Depositing User:||Unnamed user with email email@example.com|
|Date Deposited:||16 Jul 2015 13:51|
|Last Modified:||26 Nov 2015 07:58|