CUED Publications database

Calculating transport AC losses in stacks of high temperature superconductor coated conductors with magnetic substrates using FEM

Ainslie, MD and Flack, TJ and Campbell, AM (2012) Calculating transport AC losses in stacks of high temperature superconductor coated conductors with magnetic substrates using FEM. Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications, 472. pp. 50-56. ISSN 0921-4534

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Abstract

In this paper, the authors investigate the electromagnetic properties of stacks of high temperature superconductor (HTS) coated conductors with a particular focus on calculating the total transport AC loss. The cross-section of superconducting cables and coils is often modeled as a two-dimensional stack of coated conductors, and these stacks can be used to estimate the AC loss of a practical device. This paper uses a symmetric two dimensional (2D) finite element model based on the H formulation, and a detailed investigation into the effects of a magnetic substrate on the transport AC loss of a stack is presented. The number of coated conductors in each stack is varied from 1 to 150, and three types of substrate are compared: non-magnetic weakly magnetic and strongly magnetic. The non-magnetic substrate model is comparable with results from existing models for the limiting cases of a single tape (Norris) and an infinite stack (Clem). The presence of a magnetic substrate increases the total AC loss of the stack, due to an increased localized magnetic flux density, and the stronger the magnetic material, the further the flux penetrates into the stack overall. The AC loss is calculated for certain tapes within the stack, and the differences and similarities between the losses throughout the stack are explained using the magnetic flux penetration and current density distributions in those tapes. The ferromagnetic loss of the substrate itself is found to be negligible in most cases, except for small magnitudes of current. Applying these findings to practical applications, where AC transport current is involved, superconducting coils should be wound where possible using coated conductors with a non-magnetic substrate to reduce the total AC loss in the coil. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: AC loss Finite element modeling H formulation High temperature superconductors Superconducting stacks Superconductivity
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Materials Engineering
Div B > Electronics, Power & Energy Conversion
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:21
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:33
DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2011.10.008