Cronin, V and Guthrie, PM (2011) Alternative approaches to slum upgrading in Kibera, Nairobi. ICE Journal of Urban Design and Planning, 164. pp. 129-139.Full text not available from this repository.
This paper discusses the sustainability of two different approaches to upgrade water and sanitation infrastructure in Kenya’s largest informal settlement, Kibera. A background to the urbanization of poverty is outlined along with approaches to urban slums. Two case-studies of completed interventions of infrastructure upgrading have been investigated. In one case-study, the upgrading method driven by an NGO uses an integrated livelihoods and partnership technique at community level to create an individual project. in the other case-study, the method is a collaboration between the government and a multi-lateral agency to deliver upgraded services as a part of a country-wide programme. The ‘bottom-up’ (project) and ‘top-down’ (programme) approaches each seek sustainability and aim to achieve this in the same context using different techniques. This paper investigates the sustainability of each approach. The merits and challenges of the approaches are discussed with the projected future of Kibera. The paper highlights the valuable opportunity for the role of appropriate engineering infrastructure for sustainable urban development, as well as the alleviation of poverty in a developing context.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Slum upgrading Infrastructure Nairobi Kenya|
|Divisions:||Div D > Sustainable Development|
|Depositing User:||Cron Job|
|Date Deposited:||18 May 2016 18:33|
|Last Modified:||29 Aug 2016 08:43|