Hughes, L and Phear, A and Nicholson, D and Guthrie, PM and Pantelidou, H and Soga, K and Kidd, A and Fraser, N (2011) Carbon dioxide from earthworks: a bottom-up approach. ICE Proceedings Civil Engineering, 164.Full text not available from this repository.
Concerns over climate change mean engineers need to understand the greenhouse gas emissions associated with infrastructure projects. Standard coefficients are increasingly used to calculate the embodied emissions of construction materials, but these are not generally appropriate to inherently variable earthworks. This paper describes a new tool that takes a bottom-up approach to calculating carbon dioxide emissions from earthworks operations. In the case of bulk earthworks this is predominantly from the fuel used by machinery moving materials already on site. Typical earthworks solutions are explored along with the impact of using manufactured materials such as lime.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Carbon Highways Design Earthworks|
|Divisions:||Div D > Sustainable Development|
|Depositing User:||Cron Job|
|Date Deposited:||09 Dec 2016 17:29|
|Last Modified:||30 Apr 2017 02:55|