CUED Publications database

Transfer of dynamic learning across postures.

Ahmed, AA and Wolpert, DM (2009) Transfer of dynamic learning across postures. J Neurophysiol, 102. pp. 2816-2824.

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Abstract

When learning a difficult motor task, we often decompose the task so that the control of individual body segments is practiced in isolation. But on re-composition, the combined movements can result in novel and possibly complex internal forces between the body segments that were not experienced (or did not need to be compensated for) during isolated practice. Here we investigate whether dynamics learned in isolation by one part of the body can be used by other parts of the body to immediately predict and compensate for novel forces between body segments. Subjects reached to targets while holding the handle of a robotic, force-generating manipulandum. One group of subjects was initially exposed to the novel robot dynamics while seated and was then tested in a standing position. A second group was tested in the reverse order: standing then sitting. Both groups adapted their arm dynamics to the novel environment, and this movement learning transferred between seated and standing postures and vice versa. Both groups also generated anticipatory postural adjustments when standing and exposed to the force field for several trials. In the group that had learned the dynamics while seated, the appropriate postural adjustments were observed on the very first reach on standing. These results suggest that the CNS can immediately anticipate the effect of learned movement dynamics on a novel whole-body posture. The results support the existence of separate mappings for posture and movement, which encode similar dynamics but can be adapted independently.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological Biomechanical Phenomena Female Humans Learning Male Models, Biological Movement Nonlinear Dynamics Posture Psychomotor Performance Transfer (Psychology)
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Computational and Biological Learning
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:41
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:29
DOI: 10.1152/jn.00532.2009