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Cinematographic OH-PLIF measurements of two interacting turbulent premixed flames with and without acoustic forcing

Worth, NA and Dawson, JR (2012) Cinematographic OH-PLIF measurements of two interacting turbulent premixed flames with and without acoustic forcing. Combustion and Flame, 159. pp. 1109-1126. ISSN 0010-2180

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Abstract

This paper describes an experimental investigation into the interactions that occur between two lean turbulent premixed flames stabilised on conical bluff-bodies when they are moved closer together. Cinematographic OH-PLIF measurements were acquired to investigate adjacent flame front interactions as a function of flame separation distance (S). Flame surface density (FSD) and curvature were determined to characterise the unforced flames. Acoustic forcing was then applied to explore the amplitude dependent thermo-acoustic response. Phase-averaged FSD and global heat release measurements in the form of OH * chemiluminescence were obtained for a range of forcing frequencies (f) and amplitudes (A) as a function of S. As the flames were brought closer together the adjacent annular jets were found to merge into a single jet structure. This caused adjacent flame fronts to merge above the wake region between the two flames at a location determined by the jet efflux (flame angle) and S. This region of flame-flame interaction we refer to as 'interacting region'. In the unforced flames, a trend of increasingly negative curvature for decreasing S produced a small net increase in flame surface area via cusp formation. When subjected to acoustic forcing, S-dependent regimes were found in the global heat release response as a function A. The overall trend showed that the occurrence of jet/flame merging reduces the value of A at which non-linear response occurs. In support of previous findings for flames stabilised along shear layers, the phase-averaged FSD showed that the flame dynamics that drive the thermo-acoustic response result from the roll-up of vortices which generate large-scale vortex-flame interactions. Compared with axisymmetric flames, the occurrence of jet merging alters the vortex-flame interactions resulting in an asymmetric contribution to the heat release between the wall and interacting regions. The majority of the heat release was found to occur in the interacting region through the rapid production and destruction of flame surface area. The occurrence of jet merging and large-scale interactions between adjacent flames result in different physical mechanisms that drive the thermo-acoustic response compared with single axisymmetric flames. © 2011.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cinematographic OH-PLIF Combustion instability Flame surface density Flame-flame interactions Multiple flames Turbulent premixed flames
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Fluid Mechanics
Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:21
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2014 19:06
DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2011.09.006