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Shifting atomic patterns: on the origin of the different atomic-scale patterns of graphite as observed using scanning tunnelling microscopy.

Wong, HS and Durkan, C (2012) Shifting atomic patterns: on the origin of the different atomic-scale patterns of graphite as observed using scanning tunnelling microscopy. Nanotechnology, 23. 185703-.

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Abstract

We present an in-depth study of the myriad atomically resolved patterns observed on graphite using the scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) over the past three decades. Through the use of highly resolved atomic resolution images, we demonstrate how the interactions between the different graphene layers comprising graphite affect the local surface atomic charge density and its resulting symmetry orientation, with particular emphasis on interactions that are thermodynamically unstable. Moreover, the interlayer graphene coupling is controlled experimentally by varying the tip-surface interaction, leading to associated changes in the atomic patterns. The images are corroborated by first-principles calculations, further validating our claim that surface graphene displacement, coming both from lateral and vertical displacement of the top graphene layer, forms the basis of the rich variety of atomic patterns observed in STM experiments on graphite.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div B > Solid State Electronics and Nanoscale Science
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:29
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2014 14:51
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/18/185703

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