Foolen, J and Deshpande, VS and Kanters, FMW and Baaijens, FPT (2012) The influence of matrix integrity on stress-fiber remodeling in 3D. Biomaterials, 33. pp. 7508-7518.Full text not available from this repository.
Matrix anisotropy is important for long term in vivo functionality. However, it is not fully understood how to guide matrix anisotropy in vitro. Experiments suggest actin-mediated cell traction contributes. Although F-actin in 2D displays a stretch-avoidance response, 3D data are lacking. We questioned how cyclic stretch influences F-actin and collagen orientation in 3D. Small-scale cell-populated fibrous tissues were statically constrained and/or cyclically stretched with or without biochemical agents. A rectangular array of silicone posts attached to flexible membranes constrained a mixture of cells, collagen I and matrigel. F-actin orientation was quantified using fiber-tracking software, fitted using a bi-model distribution function. F-actin was biaxially distributed with static constraint. Surprisingly, uniaxial cyclic stretch, only induced a strong stretch-avoidance response (alignment perpendicular to stretching) at tissue surfaces and not in the core. Surface alignment was absent when a ROCK-inhibitor was added, but also when tissues were only statically constrained. Stretch-avoidance was also observed in the tissue core upon MMP1-induced matrix perturbation. Further, a strong stretch-avoidance response was obtained for F-actin and collagen, for immediate cyclic stretching, i.e. stretching before polymerization of the collagen. Results suggest that F-actin stress-fibers avoid cyclic stretch in 3D, unless collagen contact guidance dictates otherwise.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Collagen Extracellular Matrix Humans Imaging, Three-Dimensional Stress Fibers Stress, Mechanical|
|Divisions:||Div C > Materials Engineering|
|Depositing User:||Cron Job|
|Date Deposited:||09 Dec 2016 17:14|
|Last Modified:||27 Feb 2017 05:03|