CUED Publications database

Defects Detection and Assessment in Concrete Surfaces

Zhu, Z and Brilakis, I Defects Detection and Assessment in Concrete Surfaces. In: Joint US-European Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Engineering, 2008-7-2 to 2008-7-4, Plymouth, UK pp. 441-450.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Aside from cracks, the impact of other surface defects, such as air pockets and discoloration, can be detrimental to the quality of concrete in terms of strength, appearance and durability. For this reason, local and national codes provide standards for quantifying the quality impact of these concrete surface defects and owners plan for regular visual inspections to monitor surface conditions. However, manual visual inspection of concrete surfaces is a qualitative (and subjective) process with often unreliable results due to its reliance on inspectors’ own criteria and experience. Also, it is labor intensive and time-consuming. This paper presents a novel, automated concrete surface defects detection and assessment approach that addresses these issues by automatically quantifying the extent of surface deterioration. According to this approach, images of the surface shot from a certain angle/distance can be used to automatically detect the number and size of surface air pockets, and the degree of surface discoloration. The proposed method uses histogram equalization and filtering to extract such defects and identify their properties (e.g. size, shape, location). These properties are used to quantify the degree of impact on the concrete surface quality and provide a numerical tool to help inspectors accurately evaluate concrete surfaces. The method has been implemented in C++ and results that validate its performance are presented.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Concrete surface air pockets discoloration digital image
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:21
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2014 14:26
DOI:

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