CUED Publications database

Real Time Concrete Damage Visual Assessment for First Responders

Zhu, Z and Brilakis, I and Parra-Montesinos, G (2009) Real Time Concrete Damage Visual Assessment for First Responders. In: ASCE Construction Research Congress, 2009-4-5 to 2009-4-7, Seattle, WA, United States of America pp. 1204-1213..

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Abstract

First responders are in danger when they perform tasks in damaged buildings after earthquakes. Structural collapse due to the failure of critical load bearing structural members (e.g. columns) during a post-earthquake event such as an aftershock can make first responders victims, considering they are unable to assess the impact of the damage inflicted in load bearing members. The writers here propose a method that can provide first responders with a crude but quick estimate of the damage inflicted in load bearing members. Under the proposed method, critical structural members (reinforced concrete columns in this study) are identified from digital visual data and the damage superimposed on these structural members is detected with the help of Visual Pattern Recognition techniques. The correlation of the two (e.g. the position, orientation and size of a crack on the surface of a column) is used to query a case-based reasoning knowledge base, which contains apriori classified states of columns according to the damage inflicted on them. When query results indicate the column's damage state is severe, the method assumes that a structural collapse is likely and first responders are warned to evacuate.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:21
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2014 14:26
DOI: 10.1061/41020(339)122