Coull, JD and Hodson, HP (2011) Blade loading and its application in the mean-line design of low pressure turbines. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, 7. pp. 547-558.Full text not available from this repository.
In order to minimize the number of iterations to a turbine design, reasonable choices of the key parameters must be made at the earliest possible opportunity. The choice of blade loading is of particular concern in the low pressure (LP) turbine of civil aero engines, where the use of high-lift blades is widespread. This paper presents an analytical mean-line design study for a repeating-stage, axial-flow Low Pressure (LP) turbine. The problem of how to measure blade loading is first addressed. The analysis demonstrates that the Zweifel coefficient  is not a reasonable gauge of blade loading because it inherently depends on the flow angles. A more appropriate coefficient based on blade circulation is proposed. Without a large set of turbine test data it is not possible to directly evaluate the accuracy of a particular loss correlation. The analysis therefore focuses on the efficiency trends with respect to flow coefficient, stage loading, lift coefficient and Reynolds number. Of the various loss correlations examined, those based on Ainley and Mathieson (, , ) do not produce realistic trends. The profile loss model of Coull and Hodson  and the secondary loss models of Craig and Cox  and Traupel  gave the most reasonable results. The analysis suggests that designs with the highest flow turning are the least sensitive to increases in blade loading. The increase in Reynolds number lapse with loading is also captured, achieving reasonable agreement with experiments. Copyright © 2011 by ASME.
|Divisions:||Div A > Turbomachinery|
|Depositing User:||Cron job|
|Date Deposited:||16 Jul 2015 14:04|
|Last Modified:||04 Oct 2015 05:56|