CUED Publications database

X-ray observation of micro-failures in granular piles approaching an avalanche

Kabla, A and Debregeas, G and Meglio, JMD and Senden, T (2004) X-ray observation of micro-failures in granular piles approaching an avalanche.

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Abstract

An X-ray imaging technique is used to probe the stability of 3-dimensional granular packs in a slowly rotating drum. Well before the surface reaches the avalanche angle, we observe intermittent plastic events associated with collective rearrangements of the grains located in the vicinity of the free surface. The energy released by these discrete events grows as the system approaches the avalanche threshold. By testing various preparation methods, we show that the pre-avalanche dynamics is not solely controlled by the difference between the free surface inclination and the avalanche angle. As a consequence, the measure of the pre-avalanche dynamics is unlikely to serve as a tool for predicting macroscopic avalanches.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cond-mat.soft cond-mat.soft cond-mat.dis-nn
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Biomechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:29
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:37
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2005-10165-4