CUED Publications database

Wide Area Passive UHF RFID System using Antenna Diversity Combined with Phase and Frequency Hopping

Sithamparanathan, S and Crisp, M and White, I and Penty, R Wide Area Passive UHF RFID System using Antenna Diversity Combined with Phase and Frequency Hopping. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This paper presents a long range and effectively error-free ultra high frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID) interrogation system. The system is based on a novel technique whereby two or more spatially separated transmit and receive antennas are used to enable greatly enhanced tag detection performance over longer distances using antenna diversity combined with frequency and phase hopping. The novel technique is first theoretically modelled using a Rician fading channel. It is shown that conventional RFID systems suffer from multi-path fading resulting in nulls in radio environments. We, for the first time, demonstrate that the nulls can be moved around by varying the phase and frequency of the interrogation signals in a multi-antenna system. As a result, much enhanced coverage can be achieved. A proof of principle prototype RFID system is built based on an Impinj R2000 transceiver. The demonstrator system shows that the new approach improves the tag detection accuracy from <50% to 100% and the tag backscatter signal strength by 10dB over a 20 m x 9 m area, compared with a conventional switched multi-antenna RFID system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div B > Photonics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:16
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2014 01:03
DOI: