CUED Publications database

The effect of floor heat source area on the induced airflow in a room

Kaye, NB and Hunt, GR (2010) The effect of floor heat source area on the induced airflow in a room. Building and Environment, 45. pp. 839-847. ISSN 0360-1323

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We examine the role of heat source geometry in determining rates of airflow and thermal stratification in natural displacement ventilation flows. We modify existing models to account for heat sources of finite (non-zero) area, such as formed by a sun patch warming the floor of a room. Our model allows for predictions of the steady stratification and ventilation flow rates that develop in a room due to a circular heat source at floor level. We compare our theoretical predictions with predictions for the limiting cases of a point source of heat (yielding a stratified interior), and a uniformly heated floor (yielding a mixed interior). Our theory shows a smooth transition between these two limits, which themselves result in extremes of ventilation, as the ratio of the heat source radius to the room height increases. Our model for the transition from displacement to mixing ventilation is compared to previous work and demonstrates that the transition can occur for smaller sources than previously thought, particularly for rooms with large floor area compared to ceiling height. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Area heat sources Displacement ventilation Natural ventilation
Divisions: Div A > Fluid Mechanics
Depositing User: Cron job
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2015 13:37
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2015 05:23
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.09.002