CUED Publications database

Fundamental atrium design for natural ventilation

Holford, JM and Hunt, GR (2003) Fundamental atrium design for natural ventilation. Building and Environment, 38. pp. 409-426. ISSN 0360-1323

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Abstract

An atrium is a central feature of many modern naturally ventilated building designs. The atrium fills with warm air from the adjoining storeys: this air may be further warmed by direct solar heating in the atrium, and the deep warm layer enhances the flow. In this paper we focus on the degree of flow enhancement achieved by an atrium which is itself 'ventilated' directly, by a low-level connection to the exterior. A theoretical model is developed to predict the steady stack-driven displacement flow and thermal stratification in the building, due to heat gains in the storey and solar gains in the atrium, and compared with the results of laboratory experiments. Direct ventilation of the atrium is detrimental to the ventilation of the storey and the best design is identified as a compromise that provides adequate ventilation of both spaces. We identify extremes of design for which an atrium provides no significant enhancement of the flow, and show that an atrium only enhances the flow in the storey if its upper opening is of an intermediate size, and its lower opening is sufficiently small. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atrium Flow enhancement Natural ventilation Theoretical model
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Fluid Mechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:26
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:25
DOI: 10.1016/S0360-1323(02)00019-7