CUED Publications database

Mechanical response of carbon fiber composite sandwich panels with pyramidal truss cores

George, T and Deshpande, VS and Wadley, HNG (2013) Mechanical response of carbon fiber composite sandwich panels with pyramidal truss cores. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 47. pp. 31-40. ISSN 1359-835X

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Abstract

The combination of light carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite materials with structurally efficient sandwich panel designs offers novel opportunities for ultralight structures. Here, pyramidal truss sandwich cores with relative densities ρ̄ in the range 1-10% have been manufactured from carbon fiber reinforced polymer laminates by employing a snap-fitting method. The measured quasi-static shear strength varied between 0.8 and 7.5 MPa. Two failure modes were observed: (i) Euler buckling of the struts and (ii) delamination failure of the laminates. Micro-buckling failure of the struts was not observed in the experiments reported here while Euler buckling and delamination failures occurred for the low (ρ̄≤1%) and high (ρ̄>1%) relative density cores, respectively. Analytical models for the collapse of the composite cores by these failure modes are presented. Good agreement between the measurements and predictions based on the Euler buckling and delamination failure of the struts is observed while the micro-buckling analysis over-predicts the measurements. The CFRP pyramidal cores investigated here have a similar mechanical performance to CFRP honeycombs. Thus, for a range of multi-functional applications that require an "open-celled" architecture (e.g. so that cooling fluid can pass through a sandwich core), the CFRP pyramidal cores offer an attractive alternative to honeycombs. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: A. Carbon fiber A. Laminates
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:24
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:31
DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2012.11.011