CUED Publications database

Interaction between Fe-based oxygen carriers and n-heptane during chemical looping combustion

Bao, J and Liu, W and Cleeton, JPE and Scott, SA and Dennis, JS and Li, Z and Cai, N (2013) Interaction between Fe-based oxygen carriers and n-heptane during chemical looping combustion. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34. pp. 2839-2846. ISSN 1540-7489

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Abstract

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) uses a metal oxide (the oxygen carrier) to provide oxygen for the combustion of a fuel and gives an inherent separation of pure CO2 with minimal energy penalty. In solid-fuel CLC, volatile matter will interact with oxygen carriers. Here, the interaction between iron-based oxygen carriers and a volatile hydrocarbon (n-heptane) was investigated in both a laboratory-scale fluidised bed and a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA). Experiments were undertaken to characterise the thermal decomposition of the n-heptane occurring in the presence and in the absence of the oxygen carrier. In a bed of inert particles, carbon deposition increased with temperature and acetylene appeared as a possible precursor. For a bed of carrier consisting of pure Fe2O3, carbon deposition occurred once the Fe2O3 was fully reduced to Fe. When the Fe2O3 was doped with 10 mol % Al2O3 (Fe90Al), deposition started when the carrier was reduced to a mixture of Fe and FeAl2O4, the latter being very unreactive. Furthermore, when pure Fe2O3 was fully reduced to Fe, agglomeration of the fluidised bed occurred. However, Fe90Al did not give agglomeration even after extended reduction. The results suggest that Fe90Al is promising for the CLC of solid fuels. © 2012 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical looping Hydrocarbons Iron oxide n-Heptane Volatile
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:25
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2014 19:02
DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2012.07.079