CUED Publications database

Alternative approaches to slum upgrading in Kibera, Nairobi

Cronin, V and Guthrie, P (2011) Alternative approaches to slum upgrading in Kibera, Nairobi. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning, 164. pp. 129-139. ISSN 1755-0793

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Abstract

This paper discusses the sustainability of two different approaches to upgrade water and sanitation infrastructure in Kenya's largest informal settlement, Kibera. A background to the urbanisation of poverty is outlined along with approaches to urban slums. Two case studies of completed interventions of infrastructure upgrading have been investigated. In one case study, the upgrading method driven by a non-government organisation uses an integrated livelihoods and partnership technique at community level to create an individual project. In the other case study, the method is a collaboration between the government and a multi-lateral agency to deliver upgraded services as part of a country-wide programme. The 'bottom-up' (project) and 'top-down' (programme) approaches both seek sustainability and aim to achieve this in the same context using different techniques. This paper investigates the sustainability of each approach. The merits and challenges of the approaches are discussed with the projected future of Kibera. The paper highlights the valuable opportunity for the role of appropriate engineering infrastructure for sustainable urban development, as well as the alleviation of poverty in a developing context.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Developing countries Waste management & disposal Water supply
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Sustainable Development
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:14
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:29
DOI: 10.1680/udap.2011.164.2.129