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Gaussian Approximation Potential: an interatomic potential derived from first principles Quantum Mechanics

Bartók, AP (2010) Gaussian Approximation Potential: an interatomic potential derived from first principles Quantum Mechanics.

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Abstract

Simulation of materials at the atomistic level is an important tool in studying microscopic structure and processes. The atomic interactions necessary for the simulation are correctly described by Quantum Mechanics. However, the computational resources required to solve the quantum mechanical equations limits the use of Quantum Mechanics at most to a few hundreds of atoms and only to a small fraction of the available configurational space. This thesis presents the results of my research on the development of a new interatomic potential generation scheme, which we refer to as Gaussian Approximation Potentials. In our framework, the quantum mechanical potential energy surface is interpolated between a set of predetermined values at different points in atomic configurational space by a non-linear, non-parametric regression method, the Gaussian Process. To perform the fitting, we represent the atomic environments by the bispectrum, which is invariant to permutations of the atoms in the neighbourhood and to global rotations. The result is a general scheme, that allows one to generate interatomic potentials based on arbitrary quantum mechanical data. We built a series of Gaussian Approximation Potentials using data obtained from Density Functional Theory and tested the capabilities of the method. We showed that our models reproduce the quantum mechanical potential energy surface remarkably well for the group IV semiconductors, iron and gallium nitride. Our potentials, while maintaining quantum mechanical accuracy, are several orders of magnitude faster than Quantum Mechanical methods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cond-mat.mtrl-sci cond-mat.mtrl-sci physics.chem-ph
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Applied Mechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:59
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2014 16:42
DOI: