CUED Publications database

The use of liquid crystals as electrorheological fluids in microsystems: Model and measurements

De Volder, M and Yoshida, K and Yokota, S and Reynaerts, D (2006) The use of liquid crystals as electrorheological fluids in microsystems: Model and measurements. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 16. pp. 612-619. ISSN 0960-1317

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Abstract

Fluids with controllable flow properties have gained considerable interest in the past few years. Some of these fluids such as magnetorheologic fluids are now widely applied to active dampers and valves. Although these fluids show promising properties for microsystems, their applicability is limited to the microscale since particles suspended in these fluids tend to obstruct microchannels. This paper investigates the applicability of electrorheologic liquid crystals (LCs) in microsystems. Since LCs do not contain suspended particles, they show intrinsic advantages over classic rheologic fluids in micro-applications. This paper presents a novel physical model that describes the static and the dynamic behaviour of electrorheologic LCs. The developed model is validated by comparing simulations and measurements performed on a rectangular microchannel. This assessment shows that the model presented in this paper is able to simulate both static and dynamic properties accurately. Therefore, this model is useful for the understanding, simulation and optimization of devices using LCs as electrorheological fluid. In addition, measurements performed in this paper reveal remarkable properties of LCs, such as high bandwidths and high changes in flow resistance. © 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div E > Production Processes
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:28
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:24
DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/16/3/017