CUED Publications database

Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain.

Singer, T and Seymour, B and O'Doherty, J and Kaube, H and Dolan, RJ and Frith, CD (2004) Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain. Science, 303. pp. 1157-1162.

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Abstract

Our ability to have an experience of another's pain is characteristic of empathy. Using functional imaging, we assessed brain activity while volunteers experienced a painful stimulus and compared it to that elicited when they observed a signal indicating that their loved one--present in the same room--was receiving a similar pain stimulus. Bilateral anterior insula (AI), rostral anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), brainstem, and cerebellum were activated when subjects received pain and also by a signal that a loved one experienced pain. AI and ACC activation correlated with individual empathy scores. Activity in the posterior insula/secondary somatosensory cortex, the sensorimotor cortex (SI/MI), and the caudal ACC was specific to receiving pain. Thus, a neural response in AI and rostral ACC, activated in common for "self" and "other" conditions, suggests that the neural substrate for empathic experience does not involve the entire "pain matrix." We conclude that only that part of the pain network associated with its affective qualities, but not its sensory qualities, mediates empathy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult Brain Brain Mapping Brain Stem Cerebellum Cerebral Cortex Cues Electroshock Empathy Female Gyrus Cinguli Humans Magnetic Resonance Imaging Male Mediodorsal Thalamic Nucleus Motor Cortex Pain Prefrontal Cortex Somatosensory Cortex
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Computational and Biological Learning
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:23
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2014 01:18
DOI: 10.1126/science.1093535