CUED Publications database

Local equilibrium of the Gibbs interface in two-phase systems

Savin, T and Glavatskiy, KS and Kjelstrup, S and Öttinger, HC and Bedeaux, D (2012) Local equilibrium of the Gibbs interface in two-phase systems. EPL, 97. ISSN 0295-5075

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Abstract

We analyze the local equilibrium assumption for interfaces from the perspective of gauge transformations, which are the small displacements of Gibbs' dividing surface. The gauge invariance of thermodynamic properties turns out to be equivalent to conditions for jumps of bulk densities across the interface. This insight strengthens the foundations of the local equilibrium assumption for interfaces and can be used to characterize nonequilibrium interfaces in a compact and consistent way, with a clear focus on gauge-invariant properties. Using the principle of gauge invariance, we show that the validity of Clapeyron equations can be extended to nonequilibrium interfaces, and an additional jump condition for the momentum density is recognized to be of the Clapeyron type. © 2012 Europhysics Letters Association.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Biomechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:15
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 01:36
DOI: