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Removal of surface states and recovery of band-edge emission in InAs nanowires through surface passivation.

Sun, MH and Joyce, HJ and Gao, Q and Tan, HH and Jagadish, C and Ning, CZ (2012) Removal of surface states and recovery of band-edge emission in InAs nanowires through surface passivation. Nano Lett, 12. pp. 3378-3384.

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Abstract

Surface states in semiconductor nanowires (NWs) are detrimental to the NW optical and electronic properties and to their light emission-based applications, due to the large surface-to-volume ratio of NWs and the congregation of defects states near surfaces. In this paper, we demonstrated an effective approach to eliminate surface states in InAs NWs of zinc-blende (ZB) and wurtzite (WZ) structures and a dramatic recovery of band edge emission through surface passivation with organic sulfide octadecylthiol (ODT). Microphotoluminescence (PL) measurements were carried out before and after passivation to study the dominant recombination mechanisms and surface state densities of the NWs. For WZ-NWs, we show that the passivation removed the surface states and recovered the band-edge emission, leading to a factor of ∼19 reduction of PL linewidth. For ZB-NWs, the deep surface states were removed and the PL peaks width became as narrow as ∼250 nm with some remaining emission of near band-edge surface states. The passivated NWs showed excellent stability in atmosphere, water, and heat environments. In particular, no observable changes occurred in the PL features from the passivated NWs exposed in air for more than five months.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div B > Electronics, Power & Energy Conversion
Div B > Solid State Electronics and Nanoscale Science
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:46
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2014 19:19
DOI: 10.1021/nl300015w

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